Purpose of Writing: Obadiah, the shortest book in the Old Testament, is only 21 verses long. Obadiah is a prophet of God who uses this opportunity to condemn Edom for sins against both God and Israel. The Edomites are descendants of Esau and the Israelites are descendants of his twin brother, Jacob. A quarrel between the brothers has affected their descendants for over 1, years. This division caused the Edomites to forbid Israel to cross their land during the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt. As you have done, it will be done to you; your deeds will return upon your own head. These sins of pride can be overlooked no longer. They are called “saviors,” not because they obtain our salvation, but because they preach salvation through the Gospel of Christ and show us the way to obtain that salvation.
Let us rise against her for battle! Quarrels between family members certainly rank among the most divisive and intense of arguments. When passions go unchecked, even minor issues can become reasons for brothers and sisters, parents and children, and other family members never to speak to one another again. Indeed, Jacob and Esau routinely battled: the younger, scheming brother regularly took advantage of the older brother, whose passions were controlled by his appetite and not the fear of the Lord vv.
Although Jacob and Esau eventually reached a reconciliation of sorts chap. The Edomites even refused the wandering Israelites the right to pass through their country after the exodus Num.
Dating the prophecy is mainly a matter of relating verses to one of two take this date then Obadiah would be a contemporary of the prophet Jeremiah.
The Obadiah Bible icon. Click the Bible icon to see all the others. Israel has a longstanding rivalry with the nation of Edom, but now Edom has gone too far. Through Obadiah, God swears to turn the tables on Edom. The Israel vs. The struggle begins in the book of Genesis. God made a promise to Abraham: He would bless those who bless him and curse those who curse him Gn —3.
Isaac accidentally reiterated this promise, making Jacob the master of Esau Gn How did that happen? Esau sold Jacob his birthright for a bowl of soup, and then Jacob tricked their father into giving him the blessing of the firstborn. Jacob and Esau eventually resolved their differences Gn , and God gave both of their descendants a land. Both had an inheritance. Both had a mountain.
Unfortunately, that name occurs numerous times throughout the OT 1Ki —16; 1Ch ; ; ; ; ; ; 2Ch ; ; Ezr ; Ne ; , making it difficult to pin down exactly who it refers to. The MSB does a better job than most of the materials in laying out the difficulties with dating Obadiah:. The date of writing is equally difficult to determine, though we know it is tied to the Edomite assault on Jerusalem described in vv.
Author: The prophet Obadiah. Purpose: To encourage Judahites facing trouble from Edom to hope in divine justice and for eventual victory over all enemies. Date: c. Key Truths: God cares for his people when they suffer. God warns but will eventually judge those who persecute his people. God will give victory to his people.
Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah
Brothers in conflict: reading the Prophet Obadiah against the context of the political and religious hostility and violence in Nigeria. This article discusses the resemblances between the text of the Prophet Obadiah and Nigeria within the political, economic, ethnic, and religious contexts of conflict and hostility of the latter. It puts forward the divine scandal, parental attitude of favouritism, and the careless disposition as well as the manipulative role of the Israelite and Edomites’ progenitors as the foundational root factors for the expression of generational hostility presented in this prophetic book.
And Obadiah directed his prophecy against the Edomites. Now the Edomites were descendents of Esau the brother of Jacob. And you remember when Jacob,.
Therefore, while twelve other men named Obadiah appear in Scripture, Old Testament scholars cannot identify with certainty any of them as the author of this book. Dating the book of Obadiah accurately is nearly impossible due to the scant historical information contained in the book. While several options have been proposed by scholars, the best argument places Obadiah in the s BC, making him the earliest writing prophet, a few years prior to Joel, and a contemporary of Elisha.
The biggest piece of evidence for this early date comes from Obadiah —14, which indicates an Edomite invasion of Jerusalem.
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It is, as its name implies, not a unified whole but a collection of 12 independent books, by at least 12 different prophets. One of these, Obadiah, is only a single chapter long, and the longest Hosea and Zechariah are each 14 chapters. They range in time from Hosea and Amos, both of whom date to the middle of the eighth century B.
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Contents Content Dating Obadiah Contrast with Amos Sepharad Scriptural parallels Protestant view See also References.
Book of Obadiah , also spelled Abdias , the fourth of 12 Old Testament books that bear the names of the Minor Prophets , in the Jewish canon treated as one book, The Twelve. In the book, Edom , a long-time enemy of Israel , is castigated for its refusal to help Israel repel foreigners who invaded and conquered Jerusalem. To many scholars this reference suggests a date of composition after the Babylonian conquest of bc. Others, noting the anti-Edomite sentiments in II Kings —22, consider a date as early as the 9th century bc also probable.
The book announces that the Day of Judgment is near for all nations, when all evil will be punished and the righteous renewed. The final verses prophesy the restoration of the Jews to their native land. Book of Obadiah. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Overview of the Book of Obadiah
Obadiah has been identified as one of the most neglected of the Minor Prophets, yet this little book, marked by powerful emotions and vivid imagery, records an important message from the Lord. Any investment of time in reading and rereading this book is well spent. Nothing more is known of Obadiah than what can be gleaned from his book.
Obadiah, the shortest prophetic book in the Old Testament, consists of but twenty-one verses, forming a single chapter and opening with the words, “The vision of Obadiah”—a name meaning either “worshiper” or “servant” of the Lord. Obadiah is a relatively common name but not specifically identifiable with any of the dozen or more individuals so named in the Bible. Even though the exact period when the writer of the book lived is still uncertain, he was probably a Judean seer, familiar with the difference in outlook between the Jews and the Edomites.
From Obadiah’s point of view, the perennial arguments and feuds between the two groups stemmed directly from the bitter envy and jealousy that arose between the twin brothers, Jacob and Esau, children of the patriarch Isaac and his wife Rebekah. Even within the family circle, as the Bible tells the story, there were inherent personal differences, for “Isaac loved Esau Esau became identified as Edom literally “red” in Hebrew , the founder of the Edomite tribes.
The red color so associated with Edom was later to make its ancient capital of Sela Petra , largely built of red sandstone, famous as the rose-red city. While Moses and the Israelites under his care were pursuing their long and strenuous forty years of wandering after the Exodus from Egypt to the distant land of Canaan, they approached the mountainous territory of Edom to the northeast. No doubt bearing in mind that Esau, grandson of their famous ancestor Abraham, had been one of the founding fathers of the Edomite kingdom, Moses sent a cordial message to the current ruler of Edom, reminding him that he must surely be well aware of the problems that had befallen Israel in recent decades: “Thus saith thy brother Israel, Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us” Num.
Moses asked the Edomite king, as a special favor, that his people might be permitted to pass through Edom swiftly and peacefully, promising not to disturb any Edomite wells or vineyards along the way, besides offering to make full payment for any water they might use for themselves or for their cattle see verses Far from granting this courteous request, the Edomite king bluntly refused it, immediately mobilizing an army against the Israelites, thus necessitating their making a long and arduous detour to avoid any direct contact with Edom see , 21;
An envoy was sent among the nations, saying, 7. Let us make war against Edom! I can bring you down even from there! Since there is no direct indication of chronological setting clearly suggested by the book itself, and since the historical identity of the author is uncertain as well, a possible date for the book can be arrived at only on the basis of internal evidence. When did the hostile actions of Edom against Judah that are described in this book take place? Many nineteenth-century scholars linked the events of the book to a historical note found in 2 Kgs cf.
One of these, Obadiah, is only a single chapter long, and the longest (Hosea They range in time from Hosea and Amos, both of whom date to the middle of the.
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The prophecy of Obadiah bears two unique distinctions. First, it is by far the shortest book in the Old Testament, consisting of one chapter and 21 verses. Secondly, it is the most difficult written prophecy in Scripture to identify as to time of composition. In the case of other prophets there is usually a fair amount of agreement among conservative scholars as to the age when they performed their ministry and committed their inspired utterances to writing, but for this book the conjectures of evangelical authorities not to mention the liberals range all the way from the reign of Jehoram, son of Jehoshaphat — B.
territories, driving them to southern Judah. Obadiah is overjoyed at the turn of the. Edomites’ fortune. The Message: The oracle against Edom [, 15b] dates.
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Obadiah prophecies that Edom will be punished for its actions. The Book of Obadiah. Written by whom? The prophet Obadiah. Written shortly after BC. In exile in Babylonia just after the fall of Jerusalem in BC. To whom? His message was aimed at the people of Edom. What was the message? The people of Edom will be punished for looting Jerusalem and assisting the Babylonian invaders.